Monday, February 28, 2005

Malaysian students heading for China - Feb 28, 2005

From Straits Times - Singapore

Malaysian students heading for China
Quality education, low cost and good job opportunities are pull factors
By Carolyn Hong

KUALA LUMPUR - MALAYSIAN students are heading to China in increasing numbers for tertiary education and language courses.
They are drawn by the quality of education, low cost and, most of all, by the opportunities open to them after completing their studies.

Their numbers have more than doubled in the past two years, and they are not all Chinese. There are a handful of Malays as well.

Except for Taiwan, China has never been a traditional education destination for Malaysians.

But the one-way traffic of students - there are currently 9,000 Chinese students in Malaysia - is slowly becoming a two-way flow.

He realised this when he researched his area of interest, which is computer science. He found that Qinghua University offered all that he wanted and was confident that it would be well-received by prospective employers. He, too, plans to work in China.

To me this seems to be an indication of changing tide in immigration. Although the numbers of students is still small it is just the beginning of the turning tide. China offers good, cheap education and opportunity for jobs after graduation. This is a huge change from China twenty years ago.

Malaysian students heading for China - Feb 28, 2005

Sunday, February 27, 2005

Experimental Blog Poll

I am trying out this free blog poll.
I may need it for something really important one day.

Please - participate and have fun!

Agent based Models

Excellent overview article in ORMS about Agent based modelling (ABM).

Agents of Change
How agent-based modeling may transform social science.
By Douglas A. Samuelson

ABM encompasses approaches and practitioners from operations research, artificial intelligence, social network theory, cognitive science and various other disciplines. The basic idea is to expand traditional simulation to include entities whose behavior can change over time, depending on the circumstances they encounter. The field has grown explosively in numerous directions over the past 10 years, with important applications in war gaming, intelligence analysis, organizational performance, social policy and other areas. The rapidly expanding applicability and complexity of the analysis has produced interesting applications and equally interesting methodological and interpretive challenges.

It also includes a good list of references.

Operations Research Management Science Today - February 2005

Lead In The Environment Causes Violent Crime

Science Daily Article
Exposure to lead may be one of the most significant causes of violent crime in young people, according to one of the nation's leading researchers on the subject.

In a 1996 Pitt study of 301 children, those with the highest concentrations of lead – still below government-recommended safe levels – had tests scores showing more aggression, attentional disorders and delinquency. In 2002, those findings were extended to show that the average bone lead levels in 190 adjudicated delinquents was higher than normal controls. The results indicated that between 18 and 38 percent of all delinquency in Pennsylvania's Allegheny County, which includes Pittsburgh, could be due to lead. Additionally, a number of recent studies have shown a strong relationship between sales of leaded gasoline and rates of violent crime.


File this under "The environment and it's effects on society."
Think of the impact that youth violence has on a community!
The article states that they have identified between 18 and 38 percent of violent youth could be caused by lead. I would argue that is a large enough percentage to be the root cause of most of the youth violence in a community. Kids will join in with the strong and violent leaders.

Lead In The Environment Causes Violent Crime, Reports University Of Pittsburgh Researcher

Hamster Orchestra

Hamster Band

I saw this originally in a Slashdot entry.

This is a midi-controller that is operated by the movement of hamsters. Six hamsters control three voices. Each voice has a hamster for the rhythm and one for the tone.
Details of the design are described.
A video and mp3 of the hamster band performing are available on the website. It is not exactly top40 but it would fit into any collge radio station playlist.

This is a wonderful use of modern technology.

I can picture hamster music becoming popular with a certain crowd. Maybe they would meet at hamster bars and gel quietly to the groove. This first ground-breaking band is sort of jazz, but it won't be long before the bad-boy hamster punk bands or the sappy pop Hamster Idol bands break.

MEng project: lil2

Saturday, February 26, 2005

Super Bowl Deaths

Quots from the article from Science News

Is there a link between Super Bowl telecasts and fatal car crashes? Do fatal crashes increase immediately following a telecast? These are the questions that medical researchers Donald A. Redelmeier and Craig L. Stewart of the University of Toronto address in the current issue of Chance.

In many ways, Super Bowl Sunday is an unusual day. According to the American Snack Food Association, people consume three times more potato chips than they do during an average day in the United States. Major brewing companies report that all those chips are washed down by 10.5 million barrels of beer, versus consumption of just 0.6 million barrels on an average day.

The researchers observed no significant difference between Super Bowl Sundays and control Sundays during the hours before the Super Bowl telecast. An increase in fatalities following the telecast was evident for 21 of the 27 events. It amounted to a net increase for the entire day of 189 added deaths over the 27 years, or seven extra deaths per telecast.

Interestingly, the result of a game had some impact on the statistics. The relative increase in deaths following the Super Bowl tended to be larger in states that had a team that competed and lost than in states that had no "home" team (or in which both contenders were from the same state). And the relative death toll was higher in neutral states than in states that were home to the winning team.

Math Trek: Super Bowl Crashes, Science News Online, Feb. 26, 2005

Friday, February 25, 2005

GE and CIMC Complete First Commercial Test of Tamper Evident Secure Container, Paving Way for Commercially Viable Cargo Security

an. 12, 2005--GE's Security business (NYSE: GE - News) today announced it has successfully completed the first commercial field test of the Tamper Evident Secure Container (TESC). The TESC is a new generation of freight container that integrates GE's CommerceGuard(TM) container security device into a standard maritime shipping container to make cargo security affordable for manufacturers and shippers and protect container integrity throughout the supply chain.

The TESC solution is a combination of physical enhancements and an electronic integrated Container Security Device (iCSD), a technology that allows the shipper to arm the container using a unique, encrypted code after it is stuffed and sealed with a traditional bolt seal. As the container passes within range of the global wireless reader infrastructure - similar to common electronic toll collection systems - the iCSD tells logistics and customs officials where the container is located, when it arrived and if unauthorized personnel opened it en route.

CIMC, based in Shenzhen, China, is the world's largest manufacturer of shipping containers. In fact, 50 percent of all new freight containers are manufactured by CIMC.

GE's CommerceGuard System also includes Container Security Devices that can be installed in less than a minute and without using tools to retrofit the world's existing population of freight containers. Both types of devices, the CSD and the iCSD, share the same wireless reader infrastructure, making the overall system cost effective to globally deploy.

Each year, more than nine million freight containers arrive at U.S. ports, approximately 50 percent more than 2001 because of the proliferation of global trade and "just-in-time" manufacturing and retailing strategies.

also see Information Week Article

GE and CIMC Complete First Commercial Test of Tamper Evident Secure Container, Paving Way for Commercially Viable Cargo Security

Infectious microorganism linked to kidney stones and other diseases - Astronauts at highest risk during space missions

This is another potentially growing area. NASA was first to identify the calcium bacteria. There is still controversy over the effect of the bacteria. There is a growing belief that they are a major contributor in calcification of arteries leading to heart disease. If this is true, researchers invision the day that antibiotics would be used to treat the disease, long considered an inevitable consequence of aging.

Abook: The Calcium Bomb: The Nanobacteria Link to Heart Disease, by Douglas Mulhall and Katja Hansen, pub 2004 is available from your favorite online retailer.

Infectious microorganism linked to kidney stones and other diseases - Astronauts at highest risk during space missions | SpaceRef - Your Space Reference

Have Spaceplane Will Travel

ALBUQUERQUE, New Mexico -- Reusable spaceplanes that propel ticket-holding passengers to the edge of space are slowly becoming reality.

Among several firms literally hammering away at this prospect is Rocketplane Limited, Inc., an Oklahoma corporation. The company is eager to make space travel as safe, convenient, and routine as air transportation, with work ramping up on their Rocketplane XP design.

The spaceliner’s first commercial passenger flight is projected to be early 2007.

The plan calls for Rocketplane XP to depart from the Oklahoma Spaceport located in Burns Flat and whisk customers skyward to over 60 miles (100 kilometers) above Earth. At that height, a spectacular view is promised, along with "over the top" weightlessness for up to four minutes. The company also envisions transporting innovative scientific experiments and valuable payloads to sub-orbital space and beyond.

Have Spaceplane Will Travel

EUROPA - Our next challenge: a human on Mars

“The European Space Agency will be the first space agency to reach all planets in the inner solar system.” That was the assurance of Piero Messina, speaking for ESA’s Aurora Exploration Programme at the last Earth & Space Expo lunchtime seminar in Brussels.

The Aurora Programme planned to land humans on Mars by 2033, but Earth-bound politics since 2003 have already altered that timescale. The space station that has only just begun to be assembled should have been completed by now, so human footprints in the dust of Mars are further away than ever.

But Messina was adamant that the programme would continue to completion, with Mars as the primary, but not only, goal. The schedule for the next twenty years includes trial return flights, automated missions and a supplies dump. Robots and humans will work together to make progress possible.

The more pragmatic considerations behind sending the ExoMars rover into the red dust focus on boosting competitiveness by giving industry innovative advantages, and finding ways to increase global security through international co-operation.

Who will be going?

When all the automated tests have been run, and the training is complete, humans will be sent to Mars. The journey will take six months, compared to the three-day journey to the Moon, so pre-flight selection will be critical. Conflict resolution may be one of the principal skills required in astronauts willing to spend 26 weeks in the most cramped and isolated conditions ever experienced by humans. The women and/or men on the spacecraft will be psychologically and physically fit, able to endure a testing voyage in a hostile environment. They will need to grow their own food and drink recycled water, and be their own space maintenance crew as well as scientists and pilots.

EUROPA - Space - Earth & Space Week - Our next challenge: a human on Mars

Torino Impact Scale

Torino Impact Scale

Object 2004MN4 due to come within 5.7 earth radii on April 13, 2029

PHA (Potentially Hazardous Asteroids)

NASA Near Earth Object Program

Grave danger of deadly bird flu pandemic - Feb 24, 2005

This is a fast growing concern. Even if the bird flu does not become a
killer pandemic, the threat of it will certainly affect our lives.

HO CHI MINH CITY - THE world is perilously close to a deadly pandemic stemming from bird flu, and governments need to start drafting emergency plans for the disease, top international health officials warned yesterday.
'We at the World Health Organisation believe the world is now in the gravest possible danger of a pandemic,' Dr Shigeru Omi, WHO's head in Asia, said at a bird-flu conference in Vietnam, the country hardest hit by the H5N1 virus.
The world usually had a pandemic every 20 or 30 years, but it has been 40 since the last one, Dr Omi told the audience.

The 'versatile and very resilient' bird-flu virus that swept through large parts of Asia at the end of 2003 would be the source of the next one without concerted action, he said.
The disease has killed 45 people - 32 Vietnamese, 12 Thais and one Cambodian - in cases largely traced to contact with sick birds.

Experts also warned the H5N1 bird-flu virus, which could mutate into a form that can be easily transmitted between humans, could take years to eradicate.

Scientists have long warned that further outbreaks of the disease are inevitable in the region as long as humans live cheek by jowl with livestock.

Animal husbandry practices across the entire region need to be changed.

Still, many countries affected by the virus lack effective diagnostic tools and surveillance systems needed for early warning and timely response.

Wild birds, especially ducks, are natural hosts of the virus and they are often blamed for its spread.

But Dr Jutzi said the evidence suggests that trade in live poultry, the mixing of species on farms and at bird markets, and poor farming practices 'contribute much more to disease spread than wild bird movements'.

# It belongs to what is called the H1 family of flu viruses, which has a notorious human history. Millions died worldwide when H1 appeared in 1918.

# The virus, which has already turned up in cats and now in flies, would take 'many years' to eradicate.

# There is no vaccine for the H5N1 virus, though scientists in the United States, Britain and Vietnam are actively researching one.

Grave danger of deadly bird flu pandemic - Feb 24, 2005

Prepaid Porn

New York Daily News -
Porn sting
X-poses vendors
Tuesday, February 22nd, 2005

Prepaid cards that unlock one of the raunchiest X-rated sites on the Internet are being peddled by bodegas and newsstands across the city - even to underage kids, the Daily News has learned.

The so-called PPP cards cost $5 to $50, and work similar to prepaid telephone cards.

Each one has a scratchoff number that buyers can use to cloak themselves in virtual anonymity when they log on to a Web site filled with hard-core pornography.

Since it's illegal to sell smut to minors, the cards are printed with an 18-and-over warning - but an investigation by The News revealed that some merchants are willing to sell them to youngsters.

PPP cards hit the city about four months ago, after entrepreneur Greg Moss, 33, of the Bronx, bought the exclusive U.S. rights from a Canadian company. They are already in about 20 city stores, usually displayed among an array of prepaid phone cards. Each features a scantily clad woman on the front.

The Internet is flooded with adult-only sites, but most of them require users to pay for access with a major credit card.

That sometimes leads to recurring charges, identity theft, unwanted popup ads for other sex sites - and uncomfortable questions from a significant other when the bill arrives.

The PPP card sidesteps those problems because it's purchased with cash and the scratchoff number is the only identification a user needs.

Moss plans to dramatically expand the rollout of the cards over the next few weeks, and then move into New Jersey, Miami and Atlanta in the coming months.

"Porn has always gotten a bad rap, but people enjoy it," he said. "As a world, we need to face the fact that sex is part of people's lives - and this is making it more secure and less worrisome."

Printer Friendly Version - Porn sting
X-poses vendors

Thursday, February 24, 2005

How do you measure innovation?

Article from R&D Magazine on the measure of innovation in an organization.
Includes R&D survey results.

R & D Magazine

Foreign Affairs - US Hegemony Well Entrenched

Foreign Affairs - The Overstretch Myth - David H. Levey and Stuart S. Brown

A very thorough article which argues that the US will keep it's economic control over the world in spite of the dire warnings over excessive debt.
I may not agree completely with the conclusions of the article but it is noce to see a careful explaination that refutes the NYTimes nay-sayers.
The conclusions are very one-sided.
There is a lot of meat in this article. Sometimes it is difficult to keep the numbers staright, but it is worth the effort to work through it.

Despite the persistence and pervasiveness of this doomsday prophecy, U.S. hegemony is in reality solidly grounded: it rests on an economy that is continually extending its lead in the innovation and application of new technology, ensuring its continued appeal for foreign central banks and private investors.
The U.S. dollar will remain dominant in global trade, payments, and capital flows, based as it is in a country with safe, well-regulated financial markets. Provided U.S. firms maintain their entrepreneurial edge--and despite much anxiety, there is little reason to expect otherwise--global asset managers will continue to want to hold portfolios rich in U.S. corporate stocks and bonds.
Only one development could upset this optimistic prognosis: an end to the technological dynamism, openness to trade, and flexibility that have powered the U.S. economy. The biggest threat to U.S. hegemony, accordingly, stems not from the sentiments of foreign investors, but from protectionism and isolationism at home.

Foreign Affairs - The Overstretch Myth - David H. Levey and Stuart S. Brown

Wednesday, February 23, 2005

Space Colonization: The Quiet Revolution

A very optimistic view of the possibility of near-future space colonization from Space Technology & Applications International Forum (STAIF) held Feb 13-17.
"Rice said that the growing business of public space tourism "is really the spirit of colonization." The giggle factor of citizen space travelers is totally gone, he said."

The prognosis for space colonization is good, said Edward McCullough, principal scientist for The Boeing Company in Huntington Beach, California.
"During the last half of the 20th century, a host of technologies and disciplines which had witnessed millennia of slow or no growth…suddenly went exponential," McCullough reported at the STAIF meeting.
A few favorites on the Boeing scientist’s list are:

* Large scale, micro scale and high-speed fabrication with metal, ceramics, plastics and electro active polymers;

* Autonomous robotics capable of interacting with complex objects and capable of piecing together modules and performing complicated repair duties unattended;

* Smart programmable shape materials and intelligent materials, along with microscopic fluidic computers;

* Space suits amplified with artificial muscles and polymer electronics;

* Artificial organs for life support, chemical processing and water treatment;

* Genetic engineering of Mars adapted plants and intelligence-boosted domestic animals, including e-coli delivered pharmaceuticals and other very advanced health care remedies.

I am not sure that I agree with the theory that new technologies are suddenly developing exponentially fast. I think that at any time the new technologies of the day appear that way.
However, I do agree that the interest and engineering effort going into space colonization is growing. Of course, it is people like these that are quoted in this article that are making it happen.

Space Colonization: The Quiet Revolution

New Scientist Hydroelectric power's dirty secret revealed

To me this is a very surprising article in New Scientist.
It claims that hydroelectric plants contribute just as much if not more to global warming than oil power plants.
In one example, "Curuá-Una dam in Pará, Brazil, was more than three-and-a-half times what would have been produced by generating the same amount of electricity from oil."

They say that the area flooded by the power plant converts the stored carbon in the vegetation to methane initially. It then continues to emit methane from the new vegetation that rots into the water behind the dam.
"In effect man-made reservoirs convert carbon dioxide in the atmosphere into methane. This is significant because methane's effect on global warming is 21 times stronger than carbon dioxide's."

The consequence is that they want to give Brazil more greenhouse gas credits for their quota because they hadn't counted the dams.

This whole thing sounds very suspicious to me. First, there is going to be rotting vegetation anyway. How can they know how much more anually will die from the dam, rather than would have died from the river that was tamed.
Many of the hydroelectric plants also provide control of the rivers to prevent flooding downstream. How do they know that they are not actually reducing the amount of carbon conversion by preventing the floods?
Many dams also provide drinking water and irrigation. Have they considered how much oil it would take to provide those resources by other means?

I do not know if it is New Scientist or the IPCC report referenced that are so ill-supported, but I don't think this claim holds water.

New Scientist Hydroelectric power's dirty secret revealed - News

Monday, February 21, 2005

UN releases latest world population analysis

Some highlights:
The report indicates that world population reached 6.5 billion in 2005 and that
the world’s population could ultimately stabilize at about 9 billion people.
Considerable diversity exists in the expected population growth of countries. The
population of many countries, particularly in Africa and Asia, will increase greatly in
the coming decades. In contrast, owing to below-replacement fertility levels, some
developed countries are expected to experience significant population decline. Half
the world’s population is expected to live in urban areas by 2007. Although the
number of very large urban agglomerations is increasing, about half of all urban dwellers
live in small settlements with fewer than 500,000 inhabitants. The
proportion of older persons is expected to continue rising well into the twenty-first

The number of migrants more than doubled between
1960 and 2000. Affecting countries of origin, transit and destination, international
migration is in the forefront of national and international agendas.

High mortality is the most significant population concern for developing
countries. The most significant demographic concern of the developed countries
relates to low fertility and its consequences, including population ageing and the
decline in the size of the working-age population. - Cable firms make you easy target for TV ads

Digital boxes are giving cable companies the capability to know who is watching at the other end of the cable. According to this article the technology allows the companies to target ads to the neighborhood or even the individual house. They will also be able to deliver ads for the viewer to request, ads-on-demand.

I see some potential problems as this grows.
For neighborhood advertising the examples they give are innocuos enough. They can give different phone numbers for different areas of town or shout-out your neighborhood in the ad. This will be okay until someone finds out that they are offering different deals to, say, a black neighborhood or hispanic. Redlining!
The option to send a different message to each household probably will not work unless they get information from credit or personal data houses. I can't wait. Now the pre-approved credit card offers will be on your television too.

Somewhat bitterly I have to admit that the advertisers will probably love the idea of targeted ads. I personally feel annoyed by them. I would rather have an ad that says this is our product, this is why we are better than others, come buy one when you need one. I get creeped out by ads that make it sound as if they know exactly what you want and need, 'so you better take this offer now.'
Anyway, coming soon, to homes across America. Television ads that will want more than just to give you information. They will want to manage the valuable customer relationship that we share.
Creepy. - Cable firms make you easy target for TV ads

What are you lookin at?


Clovis First - Image from AncestryByDNA website

I guess this company has been around for a few years but I had never heard of it. I picked it up from another blog. (sorry - lost the exact link)

They will plot your ancestry from your DNA to give you your percentage of European, African, Native American, etc.
It costs anywhere from $200 to $400 to get the analysis.
Maybe someday when I have a few extra hundred bucks to spare I will get it done. The longer I procrastinate the better the results will get probably.

AncestryByDNA - Home

Zener Card ESP Test

Test your esp skills here. I can't seem to do any better than chance. I got 10 right on one try. Fun to look at all the green check marks. It can get addictive. Like online gambling I guess.

I bet you can't do it just once.

Zener Card ESP Test

Rolling out Russian tech reforms | CNET

Here is an article from CNET about technology policy in Russia. It is interesting to me because I just posted similar articles on the same subject in India and China.
A difference in the article about Russia is that it does not mention the impact on employment or social programs. It almost seems that maintaining their power and prestige is more important.
"This is one of the most challenging reforms in the immediate future. We are losing our position. We need to make sure there is no longer a decline in the quality of education," Fursenko said. "Engineering training is sometimes better in Russia, but business training is better [in the US]."

related posts:

Rolling out Russian tech reforms | CNET

IndustryWeek : Cargo Crunch!

An Industry Week article about the impact of increased imports on the logistics for US companies.
This is a classic systems problem. The US manufacturers have to look at the interconnections between their inventory levels, delivery schedules, costs, lead-times and a bunch of other factors.
It talks about some companies that were hit hard by the strike and delays at the ports of LA and Long Beach last year. I can picture the workers in the final assembly area sitting around with nothing to do talking about the genius who decided to save a few pennies by sourcing stuff from China. Oh Yeah! We're really saving money now!
There are some interesting points in the article. Because of the shipping uncertainty some manufacturers are moving to suppliers back in the US. Some would see this as a good thing. I wonder how many jobs were really affected?

IndustryWeek : Cargo Crunch!

Fruitfly Wings

Fruitfly wings

Speaking of genetics...
I like this picture of fruit fly wings. It is from an article in Astrobiology Magazine "How The Fruitfly Got Its Spots"
It says, "To the ladies, the spots - waved frenetically by suitors in the fruit fly courtship ritual - connote sex appeal. "
Scientists studying the changes in the wing decorations of the fruitflies think that they have found convincing evidence of the mechanism of Darwin's Theory of evolution:
It is, says Carroll, convincing proof that evolution occurs as accidental mutations create features - a spot here or a stripe there - that confer advantages in attracting mates, hiding from or confusing predators, or gaining access to food. The mutations are preserved, according to the Nature report, as changes in a few of the millions of nucleotides - the chemical building blocks of DNA.

Here's the link:

Genetic Savings and Clone: No Pet Project

Here is an article from Technology about Genetic Savings and clone. The article gives a brief history of the company and its founder, John Sperling.
The company was set up to clone pets. The first cat clones were proudly announced but they did not look at all like the "parent" cat.

I am a little confused about the desire to clone cats. Sure they develope a personality but I doubt very much if their behavior is passed to the clones. I found my cat when he was a very small kitten. He had been seperated from his stray mother and siblings. Every few months there would be another litter of clone-like copies of him running around the neighborhood. He would watch them with well-fed disdain from our porch.
My point is that there are alot of identical cats running around free and it seems a little extravagant to clone one.

Genetic Savings and Clone: No Pet Project

Saturday, February 19, 2005

Abandoned Bones Suggest TB Wiped Out Leprosy In Battle Of Killer Diseases

I don't know why I find this so fascinating. It is ironic, I guess, that one disease wiped out another. Now you can say that's there's one good thing about TB. Every cloud has a silver lining?

Abandoned Bones Suggest TB Wiped Out Leprosy In Battle Of Killer Diseases

Muon opportunists: Detecting the unseen with natural probes

Very cool. Using the natural muon flux as a light source for seeing through walls and rocks and things. Maybe that's what Superman's x-ray vision used. I like the idea. Too bad it says the muon detectors are a million bucks each.
This article talks about using the muon flux to see inside volcanoes. To me this technology screams to be used to map hydrocarbon reserviors. Send detectors down with the wireline tools. Process like seismic.

Muon opportunists: Detecting the unseen with natural probes

Friday, February 18, 2005 - China speeds up building of national innovation mechanism

This article shows that China as well as India(last post) believes that the iimprovements of their social problems will come from advancing science and technology. This is very much a so-called "western worldview"
Is the US wrong for trying to encourage countries to democratize and industrialize? This shows no - not according to India or China.
BEIJING, Feb. 17(Xinhuanet)-- A senior science and technology official said here Thursday that China is speeding up the building of a national innovation mechanism to spur more scientific and technological breakthroughs in the world's most populous country.
Chinese scientists and technical workers are encouraged toresolve problems faced by the whole nation in sustained social andeconomic development, Shang said. - Contents

India special: The next knowledge superpower

Good article on the changes in India from the growing high-tech industry there.
Everyone in the US is familiar with the growth in off-shoring office jobs. This article...

Today we know that the trickle of jobs turned into a flood. India is now the back office of many banks, a magnet for labour-intensive, often tedious programming, and the customer services voice of everything from British Airways to Microsoft.
In reality, the changes in India have been more profound than this suggests. Over the past five years alone, more than 100 IT and science-based firms have located R&D labs in India. These are not drudge jobs: high-tech companies are coming to India to find innovators whose ideas will take the world by storm.

It concludes...
Nevertheless, the rewards for India of a thriving science-based economy could be huge. The investment bank Goldman Sachs estimates that if India gets everything right it will have the third largest economy in the world by 2050, after China and the US. India is not yet a knowledge superpower. But it stands on the threshold.

New Scientist India special: The next knowledge superpower - Features


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