Agent based ModelsExcellent overview article in ORMS about Agent based modelling (ABM).
Agents of Change
How agent-based modeling may transform social science.
By Douglas A. Samuelson
ABM encompasses approaches and practitioners from operations research, artificial intelligence, social network theory, cognitive science and various other disciplines. The basic idea is to expand traditional simulation to include entities whose behavior can change over time, depending on the circumstances they encounter. The field has grown explosively in numerous directions over the past 10 years, with important applications in war gaming, intelligence analysis, organizational performance, social policy and other areas. The rapidly expanding applicability and complexity of the analysis has produced interesting applications and equally interesting methodological and interpretive challenges.
It also includes a good list of references.
Operations Research Management Science Today - February 2005